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Bos taurus (cattle) bta-miR-196a URS00000DA6A7_9913

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bta-miR-196a: Bta-mir-196a is a microRNA that has been studied in various contexts. It has been found to have hypomethylated putative transcription start sites (TSS) in two loci [PMC6691986]. Bta-mir-196a, along with other microRNAs such as bta-miR-146b, bta-miR-26b, and bta-miR-30d, has been implicated in the regulation of muscle fatty acid composition [PMC6637853]. It has also been reported to have a higher expression level in cattle with higher amounts of intramuscular fat [PMC6637853]. Bta-mir-196a was detected at day 3 but disappeared at day 7 of the estrous cycle [PMC4156418]. In the context of sperm, bta-mir-196a was found to be enriched in Y sperm compared to X sperm [PMC7505075]. Bta-mir-196a has also been identified in bovine milk and colostrum [PMC8787201]. In yak testes development, bta-mir-196a is among the microRNAs that could be involved [PMC9940382]. It is differentially expressed between fresh and frozen sperm and is also differentially expressed during S. aureus infection and Crohn's disease associated with MAP infection [PMC7214931] [PMC8568169]. Additionally, its expression has been verified in various tissues such as the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and mammary gland using RT-qPCR [PMC9821774]. Overall, there are 13 bovine homologs of bta-mir-196a that have been identified. Two of them are read in reverse direction while eleven are forward stranded [PMC9459146].

Genome locations

Gene Ontology annotations


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This sequence is found in 108 other species

  1. Alligator mississippiensis Ami-Mir-196-P3_5p (mature (guide))
  2. Anolis carolinensis (green anole) Aca-Mir-196-P1_5p (mature (guide))
  3. Ateles geoffroyi (black-handed spider monkey) age-miR-196
  4. Callorhinchus milii Cmi-Mir-196-P4_5p (mature (guide))
  5. Canis lupus familiaris (dog) cfa-miR-196a
  6. Cavia porcellus (domestic guinea pig) cpo-miR-196a-5p
  7. Chiloscyllium plagiosum microRNA cpl-miR-196a
  8. Chrysemys picta bellii Cpi-Mir-196-P3_5p (mature (guide))
  9. Chrysemys picta cpi-miR-196-5p
  10. Columba livia (rock pigeon) cli-miR-196-5p
  11. Cricetulus griseus (Chinese hamster) cgr-miR-196a-5p
  12. Cyprinus carpio (common carp) ccr-miR-196a
  13. Danio rerio (zebrafish) dre-miR-196a-5p
  14. Daubentonia madagascariensis (aye-aye) dma-miR-196
  15. Eptatretus burgeri (inshore hagfish) Ebu-Mir-196-P5_5p (mature (guide))
  16. Equus caballus eca-miR-196a
  17. Gadus morhua (Atlantic cod) gmo-miR-196a-5p
  18. Gallus gallus Gga-Mir-196-P3_5p (mature (guide))
  19. Gekko japonicus Gja-Mir-196-P1_5p (mature (guide))
  20. Gorilla gorilla (western gorilla) microRNA mir-196-2
  21. Haplochromis burtoni abu-miR-196a
  22. Homo sapiens (human) hsa-miR-196a-5p
  23. Lagothrix lagotricha lla-miR-196
  24. Latimeria chalumnae (coelacanth) Lch-Mir-196-P3_5p (mature (guide))
  25. Lepisosteus oculatus Loc-Mir-196-P3_5p (mature (guide))
  26. Lethenteron camtschaticum (Arctic lamprey) miR-196
  27. Macaca mulatta (Rhesus monkey) Mml-Mir-196-P3_5p (mature (guide))
  28. Maylandia zebra (zebra mbuna) mze-miR-196a
  29. Microcaecilia unicolor Mun-Mir-196-P1_5p (mature (guide))
  30. Monopterus albus (swamp eel) Mal-Mir-196-P4a_5p (mature (guide))
  31. Mus musculus mmu-miR-196a-5p
  32. Neolamprologus brichardi nbr-miR-196a
  33. Ophiophagus hannah (king cobra) oha-miR-196b-5p
  34. Oreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) oni-miR-196a
  35. Ornithorhynchus anatinus (platypus) oan-miR-196a-5p
  36. Oryctolagus cuniculus (rabbit) ocu-miR-196a-5p
  37. Otolemur garnettii oga-miR-196a
  38. Pan paniscus ppa-miR-196
  39. Pan troglodytes ptr-miR-196a
  40. Papio hamadryas (hamadryas baboon) pha-miR-196a
  41. Petromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) pma-miR-196a-5p
  42. Pongo pygmaeus ppy-miR-196-2
  43. Pundamilia nyererei pny-miR-196a
  44. Rattus norvegicus rno-miR-196a-5p
  45. Salmo salar ssa-miR-196a-5p
  46. Scyliorhinus torazame (cloudy catshark) Sto-Mir-196-P3_5p (mature (guide))
  47. Sphenodon punctatus (tuatara) Spt-Mir-196-P1_5p (mature (guide))
  48. Sus scrofa ssc-miR-196a
  49. Taeniopygia guttata Tgu-Mir-196-P1_5p (mature (guide))
  50. Takifugu rubripes (torafugu) fru-miR-196a
  51. Tetraodon nigroviridis (spotted green pufferfish) tni-miR-196a
  52. Tor tambroides (Thai mahseer) miR-196a-5p
  53. Xenopus laevis (African clawed frog) Xla-Mir-196-P4c-v1_5p (mature (guide))
  54. Xenopus tropicalis (tropical clawed frog) Xtr-Mir-196-P4_5p (mature (guide))